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Alberta, interesting facts about Alberta

Alberta is the westernmost of Canada's three prairie provinces. British Columbia borders Alberta to the west and the Northwest Territories lie to the north. Saskatchewan is to the east and Montana in the United States lies to the south. Alberta is known for its national parks, Banff and Jasper, the towering Rocky Mountains, and the Calgary Stampede, an annual rodeo. The province was named after Princess Louise Alberta, the daughter of Queen Victoria of Britain. Alberta has a population of 3,724,840. Almost one half of the province's population lives in Edmonton, the capital city, or in Calgary.

Map -  interesting facts about Alberta Peyto Lake - Alberta facts for kids

Alberta, interesting facts about Alberta

The location map shows the position of Alberta, a prairie province (marked in black)

Peyto Lake, surrounded by mountains, is a noted beauty spot in Alberta

The province covers an area of 255,285 square miles and is very rich in wheat, cattle, wood products, oil and natural gas. Alberta has grown quickly in population and industry. Just over 100 years ago, Indians and buffalo roamed the country. Today wheat fields and large cattle ranches cover hundreds of square miles. In addition, Alberta education colleges provide a qualitative and modern education

Alberta has a varied landscape. Rolling prairies cover the south. In the Red Deer Valley are the Badlands, where dinosaur fossils, the remains of giant prehistoric animals, have been found. Rolling plains rise to the foothills. Above these are the Rocky Mountains, with peaks rising to 12,000 feet. Among the mountains are national parks, game preserves, ice fields and mineral springs. There are many places to ride, fish, ski and camp. Each year about two million people visit Banff, the most famous national park. Northern Alberta is mostly covered by forest. Few people live there. Much of the region is unexplored.

Probably the first European to enter Alberta was Anthony Henday, in 1754. He worked for the Hudson's Bay Company, a fur trading organization. For the next 100 years, only trappers and traders lived in the region. However, in 1869 Canada bought the land from the Hudson's Bay Company. It was then called Rupert's Land. Renamed Alberta in 1882, it became a Canadian province in 1905.

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