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Alfred Nobel, facts about Nobel

Nobel, Alfred Bernhard (1833-1896), was a Swedish chemist and inventor. He is most famous for the discovery of dynamite and for establishing the annual Nobel prizes. Nobel's father was a manufacturer of nitroglycerine. Many accidents took place during the handling of this highly dangerous explosive, and Nobel was determined to find a way of making it safe. Eventually, by mixing the nitroglycerine with an absorbent substance called Kieselguhr, Nobel made a manageable explosive which he called dynamite. He also invented a blasting jelly and smokeless gunpowder. Soon his factories sprang up all over the world.

Alfred Nobel, facts about Nobel The Nobel Peace Prize

Alfred Nobel, facts about Nobel

Alfred Nobel aged thirty. He became one of the richest men of his day, but died a lonely and unhappy man

The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the 5 Nobel Prizes founded by the manufacturer and innovator from Swedish Alfred Bernhard Nobel

But the knowledge that his inventions were being used for such violent acts as killing and destruction, rather than the peaceful purposes he had hoped for, weighed heavily on Nobel's conscience. In his will, Nobel set aside a large sum of money to be used for awarding annual prizes for outstanding achievements in several different fields. Nobel chose the fields of chemistry, physics, medicine or physiology, literature, and the advancement of peace. These prizes are highly esteemed as well as being financially valuable, and were first awarded in 1901.

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