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Archery, facts about archery

The art of shooting with bow and arrow, also known as Toxophily, dates back to the Stone Age. Originally used for hunting, and in war, it first developed as a sport about the fourth century A.D. and has since enjoyed interest in various countries - particularly in Britain and the United States.

The most popular form of the sport is target shooting. The standard common target is circular, four feet in diameter. In the center is a golden circle (the pinhole) counting 9 points, and this is ringed by four concentric bands of (counting outwards) red (7 points), blue (5 points), black (3 points) and white (1 point). Scoring on an International Target is from 10 points for an inner gold to 1 point for an outer white (the colors themselves are divided on this target).

Archery equipment: Longbow, Armguard (Bracer), Finger Tab, Arrows, Quiver, Target

Archery equipment: Longbow, Armguard (Bracer), Finger Tab, Arrows, Quiver, Target (click to enlarge)

Any type of hand-bow may be used, the simplest being the 6-foot English longbow of yew. The arrow is feather - flighted and about 28 inches long, depending on an archer's draw length. The earliest modern contest was held in Yorkshire, England, in 1673. In the U.S. the United Bowmen of Philadelphia was formed in 1828, and the first tournament was held in Chicago in 1879.

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