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Aristotle, facts about Aristotle

Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and scientist who lived four hundred years before the birth of Christ. His father was court physician to the king of Macedon. From his father, Aristotle received a good education in natural science.

Bust of Aristotle

Bust of Aristotle, the Greek philosopher and scientist.

When he was seventeen years old, Aristotle went to Athens, where he studied philosophy with Plato for twenty years. After Plato's death he returned to Macedon to become the tutor of Alexander the Great. Through Aristotle, Alexander learned to love and respect the Greek language and the Greek way of life.

When Alexander became king, in 336 B.C., Aristotle returned to Athens as a teacher. Unlike his own teacher, Plato, Aristotle did not believe that beyond the real world which man experiences with his senses there is an ideal world which man can experience only with his mind. He believed that man must learn from what he can see, hear, taste, touch, and smell. He taught his students to examine the world around them in detail. Aristotle's thinking was far more systematic than Plato's.

Aristotle's writings span every area of human learning known at the time he lived. His ideas have been an important influence in the development of philosophy, political thought, psychology, natural science, and the criticism of drama.

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