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Calvin Coolidge

Coolidge, Calvin (1872-1933), was the 30th president of the United States. Calvin Coolidge birthplace is city of Plymouth, Vermont. He served as president from 1923 to 1928. A popular president, Coolidge was well known for his honesty. He was president at a time when business was expanding and the country was becoming wealthier. He became president in 1923 when President Harding died. Scandals concerning corrupt business practices in Harding's government had badly weakened the Republican party.

Calvin Coolidge birthplace

Calvin Coolidge, 30th president of the United States

Sign of city of Calvin Coolidge birthplace Sign of city of Calvin Coolidge birthplace

Sign of city of Plymouth, Vermont

Calvin Coolidge birthplace

Coolidge restored confidence in the party and the presidency. He won the election of 1924 by a large majority. Coolidge strongly disapproved of government interference in business. He reduced taxes on businesses and cut government spending. He also kept high tariffs on foreign goods, which protected American industry from competition.

'The business of America,' he said, 'is business.' Production increased, but workers' wages remained low, and this contributed to the financial crash of 1929. (See Depression, Great.) Because of his views on economy in government, Coolidge vetoed an important bill to give bonuses to World War I veterans. Congress later passed the bill over his veto. Coolidge successfully vetoed a bill to give relief to poor farmers.

Coolidge was born in Plymouth, Vermont. He studied at Amherst College and qualified as a lawyer in 1897. He became mayor of Northampton, Massachusetts, then state senator, and governor of the state. In 1919, he became a national figure when he called in the state guard to deal with rioters and looters during a Boston police strike. Next year, he was chosen as Warren Harding's vice president. In 1927, when it was assumed that he would run for a second full term, Coolidge handed newspapermen a note saying 'I do not choose to run for president in 1928'. He was succeeded by Herbert Hoover.

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