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New York State, facts about New York State

New York covers an area of 49,576 square miles and ranks 30th among the states in order of size, state population is 19,378,102. More than half of the people of New York live in or around New York City, the largest city in the United States and one of the largest in the world. About 85 people out of every 100 in New York State live in cities and towns. Besides New York City, the state has other great cities, including Albany, the state capital, Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse, Yonkers and Niagara Falls. About one-sixth of the population of the state was born outside the United States. They include people of Italian, German, Irish, Russian, Polish and Puerto Rican origin.

lighthouse at Montauk Point - facts about New York State The map - New York State facts

New York State, facts about New York State

A view of the lighthouse at Montauk Point on the eastern tip of Long Island, in New York State. Although much of Long Island's countryside has become thickly populated, there are still numerous summer resorts along the island's wooded northern shore.

The map shows the location (marked in black) of New York State

New York State is the industrial and business center of the United States. Its most important industries include clothing, electrical machinery, food processing, printing and publishing. The harbor of New York City is the leading seaport in the United States. Buffalo, on Lake Erie, has become increasingly important as a port since the opening of the St Lawrence Seaway in 1959. New York State has been the leading manufacturing state since the 1830's and, because of its wealth, it gained the nickname 'The Empire State'.

Only about 4 people out of every 100 in New York work on farms. However, agriculture is still an important source of income. The state has excellent pasture land and dairy farming is a major occupation. Milk, butter and other dairy products are the leading farm products in New York. Poultry farming and beef cattle raising are also important.

Many tourists visit New York State. Some are attracted by the sights of New York City with its hotels (see New York City). Outside the cities, however, there are many scenic areas. The rugged Adirondack Mountains in the northeastern part of the state offer climbing and skiing facilities. The state also contains thousands of lakes, and many waterfalls and rivers. Niagara Falls in the west is especially popular. The Cat-skill Mountains and the Hudson Valley are popular tourist areas in the east and Long Island has fine beaches. The state also has many places of historic interest, including the Saratoga National Park and West Point. The Statue of Liberty National Monument is in New York Bay, and the Castle Clinton National Monument, the historic landing depot for immigrants, is in New York harbor.

New York was one of the original 13 states. It adopted its first state constitution in 1777. It was first claimed for Holland by Henry Hudson, an Englishman employed by the Dutch East India Company, in 1609. The Dutch named it New Netherland. When the English took over in 1664, they changed the name to New York, after the English Duke of York. During the Revolutionary War (1775-1783), New York was the scene of many battles. From 1785 to 1790, New York City was the first capital of the United States. In the 1800s, New York expanded production until it led all other states.

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