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Grover Cleveland's major achievements

Cleveland, Grover (1837-1908, 22nd and 24th U.S. president.), was president of the United States in 1885-89 and in 1893-97. As mayor of Buffalo and then governor of New York, he built up a reputation for hard work and independence. At a time when corruption was common, he stood out as an honest politician.

Grover Cleveland's major achievements

Grover Cleveland

Cleveland was born in Essex County, New Jersey. His father was a Presbyterian minister. After teaching for a while, Cleveland qualified as a lawyer in 1859 and was soon active in his local Democratic Party. He was elected mayor of Buffalo in 1881, and he became known as the 'veto mayor', because of all the laws he vetoed. In 1882, Cleveland won the election for governor of New York, because of his reputation and because the opposition to him was divided. As governor, he attacked Tammany Hall, the corrupt Democratic Party 'machine' in New York City, which increased his reputation for honesty.

In 1884, the Democrats nominated him for president despite the opposition of Tammany Hall. He defeated James G. Blaine in the election. As president, he opposed many bills of which he disapproved, and attacked high tariffs on goods from abroad. Cleveland fought the next election over the tariff issue, but was narrowly defeated by Benjamin Harrison.

He was re-elected in 1892, the only president to win a new term after being defeated. His second term was marred by the panic (depression) of 1893 and great labor unrest. Cleveland lost influence within his own party, and retired from politics when his term ended. Thus we have listed Grover Cleveland's major achievements

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