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Interesting information about Ohio

Ohio, the most easterly of America's mid-western states, takes its name from its leading river, the Ohio (see information about Ohio River). The word is Iroquois Indian for 'something big'. Ohio is nicknamed 'The Buckeye State' because of the buckeye trees that grow in it. Covering an area of 41,222 square miles, Ohio is bordered by Indiana (west) and Michigan and Lake Erie (north).

The map shows the location information of Ohio The Great Seal of the State: interesting information about Ohio

The map shows the location information of Ohio

The Great Seal of the State: interesting information about Ohio

Elsewhere, it is bordered by Pennsylvania (east), West Virginia (southeast) and Kentucky (south). The climate is mild, with an annual average rainfall of 38 inches. More than seventy percent of Ohio's people live in city areas, and the rest live on farms and in country towns. The capital is Columbus.

Advantages in location, communications and natural resources have made Ohio the Midwest's leading industrial state. Important mineral resources, located mainly in the Appalachian plateau in the east, include coal, clay, rock salt and limestone. Petroleum is found there and in northwestern Ohio. Iron and steel manufacture, using imported ore, is the chief industry. The leading centers are Cleveland (the largest city), Canton, Youngstown, Warren and Niles. Other important manufactures include automobiles, books, chemicals, clothing, coke, electrical machinery, paper and processed foods. Cincinnati is a major manufacturing center.

Fertile farm areas of Ohio include the Great Lake Plains bordering Lake Erie, the Till Plains of central and western Ohio and the small Bluegrass region in the south. Leading crops are grains, fruit and vegetables. Cattle and hog raising also are important. Sheep are raised in the Appalachian region.

Ohio became the 17th state of the United States in 1803. The famous Johnny Appleseed was an early settler (see Appleseed, Johnny). Before the Civil War, Ohio was a leading anti-slavery center. Because seven presidents were born in Ohio, the state is often called 'the Mother of Presidents'.

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