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New Jersey facts for kids

New Jersey is one of the most densely populated of the Middle Atlantic States, with 8,791,900 people living in an area of 7,836 square miles. More than half the state rests on a low, coastal plain, stretching inland from the Atlantic Ocean, New Jersey's long coastline and the northwestern section of Appalachian forests attract city dwellers during the summer. Atlantic City, a vacation and convention center, lies in the southern part of the state. Here, the Army Corps of Engineers has built jetties to save the state's beaches from being washed away.

The map of New Jersey - facts for kids Ocean coast of New Jersey - interesting facts

New Jersey facts for kids

New Jersey interesting facts

The map shows the location of New Jersey

Typical view on ocean coast of New Jersey state

New Jersey lies between the two major urban areas of New York and Philadelphia. This makes it partly a commuter or 'bedroom' area in which people live, although they travel each day to work in the large cities outside the state. New Jersey is a transportation center, criss-crossed by railroads and modern highways. There are major ocean ports at Hoboken and Newark. Large ships sail up the Delaware River, the State's western boundary. Newark Airport, which serves New York, is one of the busiest in the country.

New Jersey is largely a manufacturing state. Businesses and factories are attracted by the low state taxes. Chemicals are the major product. Farming is limited in this crowded state, employing less than 2 percent of the population. The Atlantic coastline yields an annual catch of shellfish. Historic universities are located at Princeton and Rutgers.

The Ralian, Giovanni da Verrazano, was among the first Europeans to explore New Jersey, which later became one of the original thirteen English colonies. The western part of the state was settled by Quakers. For a while, the harbor at Perth Amboy rivaled New York. After the Revolutionary War, the state underwent rapid industrial growth and opened America's first railroad. Woodrow Wilson served as New Jersey's governor before becoming president in 1913. During World War II, the state was a troop transport area.

 
 

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