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Polk, James Knox - James Polk facts

Polk, James Knox (1795-1849), served as the 11th president of the United States from 1844-1848. His era was called the Fabulous 40's. It was a time of vitality and prosperity that arose mainly from the vast new lands opened up to settlers.

Polk's support for U.S. expansion into Texas, Oregon and California gained him popularity. As president, Polk set out to achieve four main goals: to reduce tariffs (tax on imported goods); to re-establish a separate federal treasury that was independent of private business; to settle the dispute with Britain over the boundary between Oregon and Canada; and to acquire California and Texas from Mexico. He achieved all four goals, although it took a two-year war with Mexico to gain Texas and California. After one term as president, however, Polk retired from public life.

Polk was born near Pineville, North Carolina. He served for 14 years in the Tennessee House of Representatives and for four years as governor of Tennessee before he became president.

James Polk facts - portrait

James Polk facts:

11th president (1844-48) of the United States.

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