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President, list of presidents in order they served

The president of the United States is the chief executive of the United States government. He is undoubtedly the most powerful person in the country. The president is chief of state, commander of the army and the head of his political party. His responsibilities include enforcing federal laws, appointing executive officers, such as the ministers in his cabinet, and deciding foreign policy.

Although the president cannot make laws himself, he often tells congress what laws he wants made. If his party has a majority in congress, his laws are usually passed. The president has the power to veto laws. He cannot officially declare war on another country, but can send troops where he thinks they are needed. No nuclear weapons may be used by the army without the president's permission.

George Washington - List of presidents in order they served

Barack Obama - List of presidents in order they served, presidential candidates

List of presidents in order they served

George Washington

List of presidents in order they served

Barack Obama

The president is elected by the Electoral College. This consists of elected representatives from all the states and the District of Columbia. The president is chosen from presidential candidates nominated at party conventions. The candidates usually have long campaigns before the election, to try to win popular support.

The requirements of a president and the extent of his powers are laid down in the Constitution and its amendments. The president must be a natural-born American, aged 35 or over, who has lived in the United States for at least 14 years. His term of office is for four years. George Washington, the first president, served for two terms and refused to serve for a third. Following that tradition, no president served for more than two terms, until Franklin D. Roosevelt. After Roosevelt was elected for a fourth time, a law was passed limiting a president to two terms in office. If a president dies in office, he is succeeded by the vice-president.

List of presidents in order they served

    Political Party Born Served Died Age at inaugu-ration Vice President
1 George Washington Federalist 1732 1789-1797 1799 57 John Adams                
2 John Adams Federalist

1735

1797-1801 1826 61 Thomas Jefferson
3 Thomas Jefferson

Democratic

- Republican

1743 1801-1809 1826 57 Aaron Burr, George Clinton
4 James Madison

Democratic

- Republican

1751 1809-1817 1836 57 George Clinton
5 James Monroe

Democratic

- Republican

1758 1817-1825 1831 58 Daniel D. Tompkins
6 John Quincy Adams

Democratic

- Republican

1767 1825-1829 1848 57 John C. Calhoun
7 Andrew Jackson Democrat 1767 1829-1837 1845 61 John C. Calhoun,
Martin Van Buren
8 Martin Van Buren Democrat 1782 1837-1841 1862 54 Richard M. Johnson
9 William H. Harrison Whig 1773 1841 1841 68 John Tyler
10 John Tyler Whig 1790 1841-1845 1862 51  
11 James K. Polk Democrat 1795 1845-1849 1849 49 George M. Dallas
12 Zachary Taylor Whig 1784 1849-1850 1850 64 Millard Fillmore
13 Millard Fillmore Whig 1800 1850-1853 1874 50  
14 Franklin Pierce Democrat 1804 1853-1857 1869 48 William R. King
15 James Buchanan Democrat 1791 1857-1861 1868 65 John C. Breckinridge
16 Abraham Lincoln Republican 1809 1861-1865 1865 52 Hannibal Hamlin, Andrew Johnson
17 Andrew Johnson *

National

Union

1808 1865-1869 1875 56  
18 Ulysses S. Grant Republican 1822 1869-1877 1885 46 Schuyler Colfax, Henry Wilson
19 Rutherford B. Hayes Republican 1822 1877-1881 1893 54 William Wheeler
20 James A. Garfield Republican 1831 1881 1881 49 Chester A. Arthur
21 Chester A. Arthur Republican 1830 1881-1885 1886 50  
22 Grover Cleveland Democrat 1837 1885-1889 1908 47 Thomas A. Hendricks
23 Benjamin Harrison Republican 1833 1889-1893 1901 55 Levi P. Morton
24 Grover Cleveland Democrat 1837 1893-1897 1908 55 Adlai E. Stevenson
25 William McKinley Republican 1843 1897-1901 1901 54 Garret A. Hobart, Theodore Roosevelt
26 Theodore Roosevelt Republican 1858 1901-1909 1919 42 Clarges W. Fairbanks
27 William H. Taft Republican 1857 1909-1913 1930 51 James S. Sherman
28 Woodrow Wilson Democrat 1856 1913-1921 1924 56 Thomas R. Marshall
29 Warren G. Harding Republican 1865 1921-1923 1923 55 Calvin Coolidge
30 Calvin Coolidge Republican 1872 1923-1929 1933 51 Charles G. Dawes
31 Herbert C. Hoover Republican 1874 1929-1933 1964 54 Charles Curtis
32 Franklin D. Roosevelt Democrat 1882 1933-1945 1945 51 John N. Garner, Henry A. Wallace,
Harry S. Truman
33 Harry S. Truman Democrat 1884 1945-1953   60 Alben W. Berkley
34 Dwight D. Eisenhower Republican 1890 1953-1961 1969 62 Richard M. Nixon
35 John F. Kennedy Democrat 1917 1961-1963 1963 43 Lyndon B. Johnson
36 Lyndon B. Johnson Democrat 1908 1963-1969   55 Hubert H. Humphrey
37 Richard M. Nixon Republican 1913 1969-1974 1994 56 Spiro T. Agnew
38 Gerald Ford Republican   1974-1977     Nelson Rockefeller
39 Jimmy Carter Democrat   1977-1981     Walter Mondale
40 Ronald Reagan Republican   1981-1989     George H. W. Bush
41 George H. W. Bush Republican   1989-1993     Dan Quayle
42 Bill Clinton Democrat   1993-2001     Al Gore
43 George W. Bush Republican   2001-2009     Dick Cheney
44 Barack Obama Democrat   2009-     Joe Biden

* Johnson was a Democrat. The National Union consisted of War Democrats and Republicans.

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