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Morocco facts for kids

Morocco is a Muslim kingdom in the extreme north-west of Africa inhabited mostly by Arabs and Berbers. Many French, Spanish and Jewish people also live there.

The country has long, temperate Mediterranean and Atlantic coastlines. But the land merges southwards and eastwards into the barren Sahara desert. The snowcapped Atlas Mountains straddle the country from north-east to south-west. Several rivers flow through semi-desert areas, creating fertile valleys and oases where many farmers have settled.

Morocco facts for kids - the arms Morocco facts for kids - the flag

Morocco facts for kids - the arms and flag

Morocco has a pleasant climate which is less extreme than most other African countries. Rainfall is moderate, but sufficient to make much of the country suitable for crops or for pasture land. Most Moroccans are farmers. Many Moroccans still wear flowing robes as their ancestors did, and most Arab women wear the veil.

Arabic is the main language, but Berber, French and Spanish are widely spoken. Once under Carthaginian and Roman rule, Morocco fell to Arab armies in the A.D. 600's. From the 1300's to the 1800's, ferocious Moroccan pirates were widely feared by seamen.

Morocco facts for kids - the map Morocco facts for kids - a Mosque Kutubia

Morocco facts for kids

The map shows the location (marked in black) of Morocco

A Mosque Kutubia in Marrakesh, the second largest city in Morocco

In 1912, France took most of Morocco. Spain took the northern Mediterranean strip, and the port of Tangier was put under international control. Morocco gained complete independence in 1956. At the end of 1968, Spain ceded its tiny colony of Ifni, which it had ruled for 35 years, to Morocco.

Morocco Facts and Figures: Area: 171,834 square miles Population: 32,993,000. Capital: Rabat.

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