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North Carolina - information for kids

North Carolina is a southern state on the Atlantic coast. It is bordered by Virginia, Tennessee, Georgia and South Carolina. One of the 13 original states of the Union, North Carolina is known as the 'Tar Heel State' or the 'Old North State'.

North Carolina information for kids and adults: The map

The Wright Brothers National Memorial: North Carolina information for kids and adults

The map shows the location of the state of North Carolina

The Wright Brothers National Memorial stands near Kitty Hawk Hill on the North Carolina coast where the first powered flight was made on December 17, 1903: North Carolina - information for kids

The name Carolina comes from the Latin name Carolus which means Charles. The state was named for Charles I, King of England in the 1600's. North Carolina is a farming state, but industry is growing fast. It is the largest tobacco-growing state and produces about two-fifths of all the tobacco grown in the United States. Other crops include corn, cotton and soybeans.

Many of North Carolina's people are farmers, but today nearly four people in ten live in towns and cities. The capital of North Carolina is Raleigh and the largest city is Charlotte. Many factories in the towns manufacture textiles and household furniture. Much of the wood for the furniture comes from the large forests that cover more than half of the state.

North Carolina information for kids and adults: A night view of the Carolina Power

North Carolina information: A night view of the Carolina Power and Light Co. plant at Wilmington, North Carolina

North Carolina covers 52,586 square miles. In the west of the state stand the Blue Ridge and Smoky Mountains, where mountain folk still live a simple backwoods life. Mt. Mitchell, in Black Mountain Ridge, is 6,684 feet high and is the highest point in the eastern United States. In the east, a line of islands follows the edge of the coast and juts out at Cape Fear, Cape Lookout and Cape Hatteras. One of America's tallest lighthouses stands on Cape Hatteras to warn ships of the sand bars that lie off the islands.

Among the many sites that tourists come to see in North Carolina is Fort Raleigh on Roanoke Island. Sir Walter Raleigh, the famous adventurer, sent a party of English men and women to set up the first North American colony on Roanoke Island between 1585 and 1587. Virginia Dare, the first child born in America of English parents, was born on the island. In 1790, a supply ship found no trace of the colonists. The colony is often known as the 'Lost Colony'.

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