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North Dakota - Flickertail State

North Dakota is one of the north-central states of the United States. North Dakota known as the 'Flickertail State' after the tiny 'flickertail' squirrels or yellow gophers which live on its prairies.

The map shows the northern location of North Dakota (Flickertail State) The Theodore Roosevelt National Memorial Park  North Dakota Flickertail State

The map shows the northern location of North Dakota (Flickertail State)

The Theodore Roosevelt National Memorial Park in the Badlands of North Dakota (Flickertail State) has much rugged beauty

 North Dakota lies between Minnesota and Montana and is bordered by Canada in the north and South Dakota in the south. The geographical center of North America lies in the state of North Dakota.

Most of the people of North Dakota live on farms or in villages. Only about a third of its population (about 646,850 residents as of 2009) of people lives in towns or cities. The largest city is Fargo and Bismarck is the capital. North Dakota's chief source of income is from agriculture and many of its people are farmers. Spring wheat, barley and flaxseed are the main crops and cattle and dairy products are also important.

The Garrison Dam, one of the largest in the world, provides water for irrigation for many farmers. North Dakota (Flickertail State) also has valuable deposits of minerals including petroleum, natural gas, coal and uranium.

A memorial to pioneer families stands in Bismarck. North Dakota (Flickertail State)

A memorial to pioneer families stands in Bismarck, North Dakota

North Dakota (Flickertail State) covers an area of 70,665 square miles. Most people live in the east along the fertile Red River Valley. Prairies roll westwards across the state. In the southwest of the state, beyond the Missouri River, lie rugged valleys and steep hills of the Slope. Part of this region is known as the Badlands, because pioneers found it so hard to cross.

The North and South Units of the Theodore Roosevelt National Memorial Park are situated in the Badlands, where President 'Teddy' Roosevelt ranched in the 1880s. North Dakota has four main state parks. One of them is the International Peace Garden. It is shared with the Canadian province of Manitoba. A small monument has been erected on the border to symbolize the peace and friendship of Canada and the United States.

France, England and Spain once owned parts of the North Dakota region. The Louisiana Purchase of 1803 and a British treaty in 1818 obtained all of Dakota for the United States (see Louisiana Purchase). Dakota became a territory in 1861 and North and South Dakota became states in 1889.

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