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Pyramids, information about pyramids

Pyramids are the tombs of the pharaohs or ancient kings of Egypt, and were built between 3200 and 1700 B.C. They are made of stone or brick with square bases and sloping sides, which meet at the apex. Their form probably has some symbolic meaning connected with the idea that the pharaoh was also a sun-god, but the precise significance is not certain.

The pyramids form has also been found in Mexico, where the Sun and Moon pyramids are very similar to those found in Egypt. This lends support to the idea that the form was connected with Sun worship.

The Pyramid of Chefron - information about pyramids

Great Pyramid of Cheops - information about pyramids

Pyramids, information about pyramids

The Pyramid of Chefron. At the top can be seen the remains of the limestone which originally encased the pyramids (click to increase image)

Diagram showing the inside of the Great Pyramid of Cheops (click to increase image)

By well-known information the first pyramid was built in the 3rd Egyptian dynasty by Zoser. His pyramid stands at Saqqara, and was built in the form of a series of steps, 200 feet high. The most famous pyramids are at Giza. They were built by later kings, and the Great Pyramid of King Cheops is made of huge blocks weighing some 2.5 tons each. The building is skillful and remarkably accurate. The four corners correspond almost exactly to the four points of the compass, and despite the fact that it was built over very rocky and uneven ground, its northwest corner is only half an inch lower than the southeast corner.

The actual method of construction is not known for certain, but it probably proceeded from the center outwards, and then massive stones on ramps, or drawn by some form of sled, were hauled into position.

Inside the pyramids were most elaborate burial chambers in which the pharaohs and other royal personages were laid after being embalmed. They were buried with priceless golden treasures and jewels, and all the articles they were likely to need in the next world. Great precautions were taken to prevent the tombs being robbed, but all of them were pillaged. Archeologists have recovered priceless works of art and actual mummified bodies from the tombs, notably that of Tutankhamen. More interesting pyramids facts you can find on this page, for example 

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