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Richard Nixon, fun facts about Nixon

Richard Milhous Nixon (9.01.1913 – 22.04.1994) was the 37th President of the US, in office from 1969 to 1974. He served as the 36th Vice President of the United States from 1953 to 1961. In 1968, in one of the closest American presidential elections ever held, he defeated the Democrat, Hubert Humphrey. The most difficult problem inherited by President Nixon was the continuing war in Vietnam. Other issues that concerned many people included the civil rights movement, student protest and the unrest in many American cities.

Richard Nixon speech Richard Nixon, fun facts about Nixon

Richard Nixon, fun facts about Nixon

Richard Nixon speech - Nixon, 37th president of the United States, giving his first State of the Union address in January, 1970

Richard Nixon greets astronauts Haise, Lovell and Swigert after presenting them with the Medal of Freedom on their safe return from the near-disaster of the Apollo 13 spacecraft flight to the moon in April 1970. Though the mission failed, the astronauts' safe return was a triumph for American technology. (photographed by NASA)

Richard Nixon was born in the village of Yorba Linda, California. He was educated at Whittier College and Duke Law School and graduated third in his class in 1937. In 1940, Nixon married Thelma Patricia Ryan and they had two daughters, Patricia, born in 1946, and Julie, born in 1948. Nixon served with the navy from 1942 until 1946, and he was stationed in the South Pacific. His political career began in 1946 when he was elected to the House of Representatives by the voters of his home congressional district, and he was re-elected two years later.

Nixon first won fame for his work on the Committee on Un-American Activities. In 1948, Alger Hiss, a former State Department official, was charged with giving information to Communist agents. Nixon pressed the case against Hiss, although many others wanted the case to be dropped. Hiss was finally tried for perjury for denying the charges against him, and in 1950 he was sentenced to five years in prison.

In 1950, in California, Nixon defeated the Democrat, Helen Gahagan Douglas, in the election for U.S. Senator. In 1952, only six years after entering politics, Nixon was a national figure and he was chosen as running mate to General Dwight D. Eisenhower at the Republican Convention. Two months after the convention, Nixon was accused of having illegally used funds provided for his political expenses by a group of rich Californians. Nixon successfully defended himself against this charge.

From 1953 to 1961, Nixon served as vice president under President Eisenhower. Nixon was better known and more active than most earlier vice presidents. Because of Eisenhower's illnesses, Nixon had to stand in for the president on several occasions. He also made many journeys around the world on good will tours on behalf of the president.

In 1960, Richard Nixon was chosen as the Republican presidential candidate to succeed President Eisenhower. In a closely fought contest, Nixon was narrowly defeated by John F. Kennedy. After another electoral defeat in 1962, for the governorship of California, Nixon announced his retirement from politics. He then became a successful New York lawyer. In 1964, he supported Senator Barry Goldwater, the Republican candidate for president. In 1968, in fact, Richard Nixon returned to politics. He easily won the Republican presidential nomination, and in the election he defeated Hubert Humphrey and became president. Spiro Agnew became his vice president. Nixon resigned on August 9, 1974. He died on April 22, 1994 at the age of 81

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