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Poetry, 50 top famous poets

It is sometimes difficult to distinguish poetry from prose. Most poetry has been written in meter; a pattern of fixed rhythms called feet, and has made special use of rhyme. But poetry does not always have strict rhyme and rhythm to help us to recognize it easily and there is some prose that, when read aloud, comes very near to being poetry. A poet chooses words for their sound as well as their meaning, and he appeals to the reader's imagination. Also, in poetry the words are more closely packed with meaning than in prose.

The techniques of writing of epic poetry have varied from age to age and from country to country. Most poetry is made up of lines of words which have a rhythm when they are spoken. This rhythm is called the meter. In English poetry, the meter is usually regular, like a beat in music, but some modern poets write with irregular meters.

Top famous poets: A bust of Homer - epic poetry

Top famous poets: A bust of Homer

Top famous poets: A photograph of Alexander Pushkin - epic poetry

A photograph of Alexander Pushkin

Top famous poets: A portrait of William Wordsworth - epic poetry

Top famous poets: A portrait of William Wordsworth

Top famous poets: A photograph of H.W. Longfellow - epic poetry

A photograph of H.W. Longfellow

Top famous poets: A portrait of Percy Bysshe Shelley - epic poetry

A portrait of Percy Bysshe Shelley

The following are some of the most top famous poets with examples of their work - epic poetry, lyric poetry etc.:

Homer (Greek, 9th century B.C.?) - The Iliad

Virgil (Roman, 70-19 B.C.) - The Aeneid

Horace (Roman, 65-8 B.C.)-Odes

Dante Alighieri (Italian, 1265-1321) - Divine Commedia

Petrarch (Italian, 1304-74) - Canzionere

Geoffrey Chaucer (English, 1340-1400) - Canterbury Tales

Francois Villon (French, 1431-?)-Petit Testament

Luis de Camoens (Portuguese, 1524-80) -The Lusiads

Pierre de Ronsard (French, 1524-85) - Sonnets to Helen

Edmund Spenser (English, 15527-99) -The Faerie Queene

William Shakespeare (English, 1564-1616) -Sonnefs

John Donne (English, 1571-1631) - Collected Poems

Robert Herrick (English, 1591-1674) - Hesperides

George Herbert (English, 1593-1633) - The Temple

John Milton (English, 1608-74) - Paradise Lost

Jean de la Fontaine (French, 1621-95) - Fables

John Dryden (English, 1631-1700) - Absalom and Achitophel

Alexander Pope (English, 1688-1744) - Rape of the Lock

Thomas Gray (English, 1716-71) - Elegy in a Country Churchyard

Oliver Goldsmith (English, 1728-74) - The Deserted Village

Johann von Goethe (German, 1749-1832) - Faust

William Blake (English, 1757-1827) - Songs of Innocence

Robert Burns (Scottish, 1759-96) - The Jolly Beggars

Friedrich von Schiller (German, 1759-1805) - Die Glocke

William Wordsworth (English, 1770-1850) - Lyrical Ballads

Samuel Taylor Coleridge (English, 1772-1834) - The Ancient Mariner

Lord Byron (English, 1788-1824) - Childe Harold

Percy Bysshe Shelley (English, 1792-1822) - To A Skylark

John Keats (English, 1795-1821) - Endymion

Heinrich Heine (German, 1797-1856) - Buch der Lieder

Giacomo Leopardi (Italian, 1798-1837) - To Italy

Alexander Pushkin (Russian, 1799-1837) - Eugene Onegin

Victor Hugo (French, 1802-85) - Le Legende des Siecles

H. W. Longfellow (American, 1807-82)-The Song of Hiawatha

Alfred Tennyson (English, 1809-92) - Morte d'Arthur

Robert Browning (English, 1812-89) - Dramatis Personae

Walt Whitman (American, 1819-92) - Leaves of Grass

Charles Baudelaire (French, 1821-67) - Fleurs du Mai

Matthew Arnold (English, 1822-88) - Poems, 1853

Christina Rossetti (English, 1830-94) - Goblin Market

Thomas Hardy (English, 1840-1928) - Wessex Poems

Gerard Manley Hopkins (English, 1844-89) - Collected Poems, 1918

Robert Louis Stevenson (Scottish, 1850-94) - A Child's Garden of Verses

A. E. Housman (English, 1859-1936) - A Shropshire Lad

W. B. Yeats (Irish, 1865-1939) - Poems, 1895

Robert Frost (American, 1874-1963) - Collected Poems, 1930

John Masefield (English, 1878-1967) -Ballads and Poems, 1910

Guillaume Apollinaire (French, 1880-1918) - Rain

Ezra Pound (American, 1885- ) - Cantos

Rupert Brooke (English, 1887-1915) - Collected Poems, 918

T. S. Eliot (American, 1888-1965) - The Waste Land

Wilfrid Owen (English, 1893-1918) - Strange Meeting

W. H. Auden (English, 1907- ) - Look, Stranger!

Dylan Thomas (Welsh, 1914-53)-Collected Poems, 1934-52

Robert Lowell (American) - Lord Weary's Castle

There are various traditional patterns of rhythm and rhyme. A couplet is a pair of rhyming lines of equal length. A quatrain is a four-line stanza (group of lines), most commonly with alternately rhyming lines. Many poets have needed a less rigid framework. Blank verse is metrical but does not rhyme, while free verse is not restricted by rhyme or meter.

Top famous poets: A portrait of Lord Byron - epic poetry Top famous poets: A portrait of John Keats - epic poetry

A portrait of Lord Byron

A portrait of John Keats

The poet expresses his personal emotions in lyric poetry, one form being the sonnet. He tells stories in narrative poetry, in ballads, which were originally sung, or in epics, dealing with heroic people and events. More information about poetry, most famous poets with examples of their work - epic poetry, lyric poetry etc. you can find on this page

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