Philosophy. The famous works in philosophy - examples
Philosophy means the study of knowledge in the widest sense, and comes from Greek words meaning 'love of wisdom'. There are, however, many branches of knowledge and many approaches to its study.
Philosophers have enquired into human conduct and tried to solve moral questions of what men ought to do and how they ought to behave. They have also pondered the whole question of methods of knowledge, and tried to decide what men may expect to know and how they may carry out their studies.
Much of the ground covered by earlier philosophers has now been taken over by science, and philosophy is now mostly concerned with matters that science does not deal with, such as ethics and beliefs. In general, philosophers take nothing for granted, but try to understand and express ideas, and find order and meaning in the universe.
Natural philosophy (from Latin name - philosophia naturalis), is a direction of philosophy which is engaged on research of the physical universe and our environment. This branch of philosophy was main before the development of science of modern days. Probably, was the precursor of all natural sciences such as chemistry?
THE FAMOUS WORKS IN PHILOSOPHY - EXAMPLES:
SOCRATES: Ancient Greek - has introduced in philosophy of concept of research as natural sciences and a policy and ethics. Wrote nothing.
PLATO. Ancient Greek, was a Socrates student. Work philosophy examples: The Republic.
ARISTOTLE. Ancient Greek, was a Plato student. Work philosophy examples: The Metaphysics, The Nichomachean Ethics, The Politics.
ST AUGUSTINE. Work philosophy examples: The City of God, The Confessions.
DESCARTES. His consider as the founder of modern philosophy. Work philosophy examples: Discourse on Method, The Meditations.
SPINOZA. Work philosophy examples: Ethics.
LEIBNIZ. Work philosophy examples: Monad logy, Discourse on Metaphysics, Theodicy.
KANT. Work philosophy examples: Critique of Pure Reason,.
MARX. Work philosophy examples: Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, The Communist Manifesto, Capital.
NIETZSCHE. Work philosophy examples: Beyond Good and Evil, Thus Spake Zarathustra.
SARTRE. Work philosophy examples: Being and Nothingness.
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